2. Research

: Emerging technologies


This project began with an extensive literature review regarding the future, from the near future to 2050. I noticed various issues such as an aging society and mind uploading for my design project, and I chose private medical information security as my topic. This was because it seemed obvious that technologies such as Big Data, A.I, and robotics could change our life dramatically, but the aspect of our humanity cannot catch up with the states and pace of its development.

Identifying Insight

Generated an Astronomical Amount of Data

 The world generated 4.4 zettabytes (trillion gigabytes) of data in 2013. The world will  create 44 zettabytes, generating significant opportunity to use big data sets  to improve systems and decisions by 2020.  If the digital universe were represented  by memory in a stack of tablets, in 2013, it would be stretched two-thirds the way to the moon. By 2020, there would be 6.6 stacks from the earth to the moon.



International Data Corporation (IDC) 2014

Big Data Tech

Big Data technologies describe a new generation of technologies and architectures, designed to economically extract value from very large volumes of a wide variety of data, by enabling high-velocity capture, discovery, and/or analysis.



- Big data: What it is and why you should care, Richard L. Villars, CW Olofson, M Eastwood - White Paper, IDC, 2011.(http://sites.amd.com/es/Documents/Big-Data-WP-06-2011.pdf

A.I  (Artificial Intelligence)

The 2nd ranked health care insurance company in U.S, WellPoint suggest remedies for about 342,000,000 patients with Artificial Intelligence (A.I) named Watson  invented by IBM. Watson analyzes information available from multiple sources,  such as patients’ records, doctors’ notes, and insurance company data. It takes  3 seconds for Watson to process the data.



- http://news.mk.co.kr/newsRead.php?year=2012&no=614916

Robot Tech

While reading the Millennium Project 2040 ; state of the future, I noticed an information about robotic surgery. According to the book, medical robots will be applicable to all surgeries by 2018.



- Future direction of surgical robotics, Yi, Byoung Joo, Medical Review, July, 2014 (http://www.kros.org/krs1/special_issue.pdf)

- Extracting value from chaos, J Gantz, D Reinsel - IDC iview, 2011 (http://www.emc.com/collateral/analyst-reports/idc-extracting-value-from-chaos-ar.pdf)

-Young Suk Park et al., the Millennium Project 2040: state of the future, (Kyobo, 2013)

World Medical Robot Demand Ratio

After first using the industrial robot 'PUMA560' for brain surgery in 1985, people understood the possibility of medical robots. At that time various research and products that used robots had been produced. Da Vinci system (Intuitive Surgical Inc.,US) was approved by the FDA in 2000 and both popularized and developed robotics. Currently robotics are not only used for surgery but also used generally for diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and nursing-assistance.

 As well, the robot technology would be necessarily associated with A.I and Big Data.



- the Millennium Project 2040 ; state of the future,

- Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity

McKinsey Global Institute, May 2011, by James Manyika (http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/big_data_the_next_frontier_for_innovation)

Information Breach

The relatively less structured and informal nature of many Big Data approaches is their strength, but it also poses a problem: if the data involved is sensitive for reasons of privacy, enterprise security, or regulatory requirement, then using such approaches may represent a serious security breach.



- Big data: What it is and why you should care, Richard L. Villars, CW Olofson, M Eastwood - White Paper, IDC, 2011.(http://sites.amd.com/es/Documents/Big-Data-WP-06-2011.pdf

- Big data privacy, R Wong - J. Inform. Tech. Softw. Eng., 2012.(http://omicsgroup.org/journals/2165-7866/2165-7866-2-e114.pdf)


Singularity is the time when the development of artificial intelligence (AI) is accelerated and super artificial intelligence emerges, which is better than the sum of all human intellects. The artificial super intelligence will suddenly trigger runaway technological growth, resulting in unfathomable changes to human civilization.

Many  futurists and scientists expect that the Singularity will be realized from 2040 to 2050.



- Singularity hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment. Dordrecht: Springer. 2012



Brainstorming and storyboard

I had a brainstorming time with my peers, in order to generate creative thoughts, noting each idea on post-it papers. However, the ideas seemed to be scattered and confused to be utilized, so, I made a storyboard to make clear which ideas were more practical. The suitable ideas were tapped into each stage of the storyboard, and the weaknesses or missed points that cut off the flow of the story were improved or supplemented with further investigating the possible and foreseeable technologies.

Noticed Possible Technologies

Smart Pill

The smart pill technology has already been realized by Proteus digital health company and approved by EU in 2010 and FDA in 2014.

According to the company in their website, "Proteus Discover (smart pill) is comprised of ingestible sensors, a small wearable sensor patch, an application on a mobile device and a provider portal. Once activated, Proteus Discover unlocks never-before-seen insight into patient health patterns and medication treatment effectiveness, leading to more informed healthcare decisions for everyone involved. "



- “‘Digital pill’, with chip inside gets FDA green light.” CNN, accessed Nov 12, 2014, http://money.cnn.com/2012/08/03/technology/startups/ingestible-sensor-proteus/



Images: Proteus Digital Health (http://www.proteus.com)

3D printed object

The encoding 3d printing technology has been developed by a company named X&Y genomics. X&Y Genomics combines sciences & aesthetics to create tools that empower people -- like our 'DNA by Me' platform, which helps users understand the results of genetic scans by interacting with virtual objects and seeing how the shape of their risk can change. Or our 'Genomic Jewelry' : 3D-printed, unique, wearable, with a wide selection of colors and materials. We want to prevent genetic discrimination while producing quality products to users.


* 3D printing

- x&y genomics (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbhFN4nyNjg)


For matching system for access patients’ information, I have referred to below articles. Contact lens type smart device having technology for B-Palm system have not been developed, but below technologies shows possibility to be accomplished in near future.



- OUTPUT TECH http://www.washington.edu/news/2011/11/22/big-step-forward-for-safety-of-bionic-contact-lenses/

- INPUT TECH http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2604543/Glass-without-glasses-Google-patents-smart-contact-lens-CAMERA-built-in.html

- ADVANCED MATERIAL FOR THE SOFT LENS TYPE SMART DEVICE http://www.technologyreview.com/news/515666/contact-lens-computer-like-google-glass-without-the-glasses/

- Biometrics technology 생체인식기술 (Biometrics)의효과적 활용과 문제점, 정연덕, 홍익 대학교 (http://www.kipo.go.kr/home/portal/nHtml/Data/DataNews85-07.pdf)"

Wearable Computer for V.R/A.R

image: samsung/korea intellectual property right service (kipris)

Contact lens type wearable computers are being developed by many researchers in many countries. In 2014, researchers at the University of Washington have created a contact lens with a LED display built into it. The contact lens device contains only a single pixel of information, but it is a proof of the concept that the lens can show images before users in the future. As well, Google has developed the technology that micro camera attaches on contact lens. The lens is capable of being controlled by the eye’s blinking. The micro camera and the sensor on the lens are applied to detect light and colors. This technology shows the lens can scan 3d object.  There are still some challenges to combine these technologies, but the soft lens type smart device can be achievable in the foreseeable future. (2016, Samsung granted a patent for a smart contact lens  for the ultimate augmented reality experience, and record your surroundings.)



Sally James, “Big Step Forward For Safety Of Bionic Contact Lenses”, Washington University, published Nov 22, 2011,



 Mark Prigg, “Glass Without The Glasses: Google Patents Smart Contact Lens System With A CAMERA Built In”, accessed 27 Nov, 2014, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2604543/Glass-without-glasses-Google-patents-smart-contact-lens-CAMERA-built-in.html


Richard Adhikari, "Samsung's AR Vision Includes Smart Contact Lenses, accessed 26 Nov, 2017, http://www.technewsworld.com/story/83354.html